The February 2021 Improvement Science and Research Methods seminar from CaHRU was presented by Prof Niro Siriwardena on ‘Case study designs: a refreshing alternative that other methods can’t always reach. The seminar focussed on use of single and multiple case study methods in health research, using these designs to explore the reality and complexity of healthcare organisations and interventions.
The seminar provided an overview of what case study designs are, why they are useful, when to use them, and how to apply and analyse them to answer real-world and complex research questions, with examples of where they have been or are being used in studies led by or involving CaHRU. This included different types of case study, including descriptive, exploratory, and explanatory approaches, using single, multiple and embedded designs, with quantitative, qualitative, multimethod or mixed methods.
Design of case study research touched on theory and logic models and the use of different techniques such as pattern matching and replication logic to build explanations to answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ type research questions. Finally, examples were provided from the GPs in EDs study, the Heritage at risk and wellbeing study, and the Ambulance Services Cardiovascular Quality Initiative to illustrate the methods and techniques.
If you would like to view the seminar click below.