Hawkes C, Kander I, Contreras A, Ji C, Brown T, Booth SJ, Siriwardena AN, Fothergill RT, Williams J, Rees N, Stephenson E, Perkins GD (2022) Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on public attitudes to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and publicly accessible defibrillator use in the UK. Resuscitation Plus (in press).

Whitley GA, Hemingway P, Law GR, Siriwardena AN (2022). Improving ambulance care for children suffering acute pain: a qualitative interview study. BMC Emergency Medicine (in press).

Botan V, Asghar Z, Rowan E, Smith M, Patel G, Phung V, Trueman I, Spaight R, Brewster A, Mountain P, Orner R, Siriwardena AN (2022). Community First Responders’ contribution to Emergency Medical Service provision in the UK. Annals of Emergency Medicine (in press).

Moore H, Hill B, Tanser F, Siriwardena AN, Gussy M, Cutts M, Spaight R (2022). Characterising unusual spatial clusters of male mental health emergencies occurring during the first national COVID-19 ‘lockdown’ in the East Midlands region, UK: a geospatial analysis of ambulance 999 data. American Journal of Men’s Health (online first).

Groenewegen PP, Spreeuwenberg P, Siriwardena AN, Sirdifield C, Willems S (2022). Migrant GPs and patients: a cross-sectional study of practice characteristics, patient experiences and migration concordance. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care (online first).

Botan V, Williams N, Law GR, Siriwardena AN (2022). How is performance at selection to general practice related to performance at the endpoint of GP training? Report to Health Education England. University of Lincoln: Lincoln.

Johnson JM, Durrant SJ, Law GR, Santiago J, Scott EM, Curtis F (2022). The effect of slow-wave sleep and rapid eye-movement sleep interventions on glycaemic control: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Sleep Medicine, 92 . pp. 50-58

Edwards M, Cooper A, Hughes T, Davies F, Price D, Anderson P, Evans B, Carson-Stevens A, Dale J, Hibbert P, Harrington B, Hepburn J, Siriwardena AN, Snooks H, Edwards A (2022).The effectiveness of primary care streaming in emergency departments on decision-making and patient flow and safety – A realist evaluation. International Emergency Nursing (online first).

Moore H, Siriwardena AN, Hill B, Gussy M, Tanser F, Spaight R (2022). Exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on male mental health emergencies attended by ambulances during the first national ‘lockdown’ in the East Midlands of the UK. American Journal of Mens Health (online first).

Willis A, Dallosso H, Gray L, James J, Taylor C, Davies M, Shaw D, Siriwardena AN, Khunti K (2022). Randomised controlled trial of an innovative hypoglycaemia pathway for self-care at home and admission avoidance: a partnership approach with a regional ambulance trust. British Paramedic Journal 6:3-10.

Siriwardena AN and Whitley G (2022). Prehospital research methods and practice. Class Publishing: London.

Siriwardena AN, Akanuwe JNA, Botan V, Laparidou D, Curtis F, Jackson J, Asghar ZB, Hodgson TL (2022).  Patient reported symptoms and experience following Guillain-Barré Syndrome and related conditions: questionnaire development and validation. Health Expectations 25:223–231.

Laparidou D, Botan V, Law G, Rowan E, Smith M, Brewster A, Spaight R, Mountain P, Dunmore S, James J, Roberts L, Khunti K, Siriwardena AN (2022). People with diabetes and ambulance staff perceptions of a booklet-based intervention for diabetic hypoglycaemia, “Hypos can strike twice”: A mixed methods process evaluation. BMC Emergency Medicine 22:21.

Mason R, Roberts A, Spaight R, Shaw D, Whitley GA, Hogue T, Siriwardena AN, Rogers J, Law GR (2022). Ambulance attendance for Substance and/or Alcohol use in a Pandemic (ASAP): Interrupted time series analysis of incidents. Drug and Alcohol Review (online first).

Nelson D, Law GR, McGonagle I, Turner P, Jackson C, Kane R (2022). The effect of rural residence on cancer‐related self‐efficacy with UK cancer survivors following treatment. The Journal of Rural Health 38; 28-33.

Garjani A, Patel S, Bharkhad D, Rashid W, Coles A, Law GR, Evangelou N (2022). Impact of mass vaccination on SARS-CoV-2 infections among multiple sclerosis patients taking immunomodulatory disease-modifying therapies in England. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders 57; 103458.

Price D, Edwards M, Davies F, Cooper A, McFazean J, Carson-Stevens A, Cooke M, Dale J, Evans BA, Harrington B, Hepburn J, Siriwardena AN, Snooks H, Edwards A (2022). Patients’ experiences of attending emergency departments where primary care services are located: qualitative findings from patient and clinician interviews from a realist evaluation. BMC Emergency Medicine 22:12.

Tunnage B, Woodhouse LJ, Dixon M, Anderson C, Ankolekar S, Appleton J, Cala L, England T, Krishnan K, Havard D, Mair G, Muir K, Phillips S, Potter J, Price C, Randall M, Robinson TG, Roffe C, Sandset E, Siriwardena AN, Scutt P, Wardlaw JM, Sprigg N, Bath PM on behalf of the RIGHT-2 Investigators (2022). Pre-hospital transdermal glyceryl trinitrate in patients with stroke mimics: data from the RIGHT-2 randomised-controlled ambulance trial. BMC Emergency Medicine 22: 2.

Moore H, Hill B, Gussy M, Siriwardena AN, Tanser F, Spaight R, Law G, Thomas C (2022). An exploration of factors characterising unusual spatial clusters of COVID-19 cases in the East Midlands region, UK: a geospatial analysis of ambulance 999 data. Landscape and Urban Planning 219: 104299.

Schofield BJ, Andreani NA, Günther CS, Law GR, McMahon G et al. (2022). Livestock microbial landscape patterns: Retail poultry microbiomes significantly vary by region and season. Food Microbiology 101: 103878.

Hewson DW, Sprinks J, Smith MD, Buchanan H, Breedon P, Hardman JG, Bedforth NM (2022). Patient-maintained versus anaesthetist-controlled propofol sedation during elective primary lower-limb arthroplasty performed under spinal anaesthesia: a randomised controlled trial British Journal of Anaesthesia 28 (1): 186-197.


Laparidou D, Curtis F, Akanuwe J, Goher K, Siriwardena AN, Kucukyilmaz A (2021). Patient, carer, and staff perceptions of robotics in motor rehabilitation: a systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 18: 181.

Kordowicz M, Malby B, Mervyn K (2021). Primary care networks: navigating new organisational forms. BMJ Open 0092.

Garjani A, Hunter R, Law GR, Middleton RM, Tuite-Dalton KA, Dobson R, Ford DV, Hughes S, Pearson OR, Rog D, Tallantyre EC, Nicholas R, Morriss R, Evangelou N, Das Nair R (2021). Mental health of people with multiple sclerosis during the COVID-19 outbreak: A prospective cohort and cross-sectional case–control study of the UK MS Register. Multiple Sclerosis Journal (online first).

Cooper A, Carson-Stevens A, Cooke M, Hibbert P, Hughes T, Hussain F, Siriwardena AN, Snooks H, Donaldson LJ, Edwards A (2021). Learning from diagnostic errors when GPs work in or alongside emergency departments: incorporating realist methodology into patient safety incident report analysis. BMC Emergency Medicine 21: 139.

Winston B, Law GR (2021). Great on scandals, useless on science. British Journalism Review 32 (3): 14-20.

Koly KN, Baskin C, Lata I, Rao M, Rasheed S, Law GR, Gnani S (2021). Protocol: Educational and training interventions aimed at healthcare workers in the detection and management of people with mental health conditions in South and Southeast Asia. BMJ Open 11 (7).

Edge C, Hard J, Wainwright L, Gipson D, Wainwright V, Shaw J, Davies M, Abbott L, Bennallik M, Sirdifield C, Mehay A. (2021). COVID-19 and the prison population (Working Paper). London: Health Foundation.

Siriwardena AN (2021). How to diagnose and manage sleep disorders in primary care: key advice from the NICE guideline on obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome and related sleep disorders (2021). Guidelines in Practice 24(11): 20-26.

Roberts A, Rogers J, Mason R, Siriwardena AN, Hogue T, Whitley GA, Law GR (2021). Alcohol and other substance use during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 229: 109150.

Moore HE, Hill B, Siriwardena AN, Tanser F, Spaight R (2021). Rethinking the health implications of society-environment relationships in built areas: an assessment of the Access to Healthy and Hazards Index in the context of COVID-19. Landscape and Urban Planning 217: 104265.

Asghar Z, Wankhade P, Bell F, Sanderson K, Hird K, Phung VH, Siriwardena AN (2021).  Trends, variations, and prediction of staff sickness absence rates among NHS ambulance services in England: a time series study. BMJ Open 0:e053885.

Curtis F, Jayawickrama WIU, Laparidou D, Weligamage D, Kumarawansha WKWS, Ortega M, Siriwardena AN (2021). Perceptions and experiences of residents and relatives of emergencies in care homes: A systematic review and metasynthesis. Age and Ageing 50 (6): 1925–1934.

Botan V, Law G, Laparidou D, Rowan E, Smith M, Ridyard C, Brewster A, Spaight R, Spurr K, Mountain P, Dunmore S, James J, Roberts L, Khunti K, Siriwardena AN (2021). The effects of a leaflet-based intervention, ‘Hypos can strike twice’, on recurrent hypoglycaemic attendances by ambulance services: a non-randomised stepped wedge study. Diabetic Medicine 38:e14612.

Botan V, Laparidou D, Phung VH, Cheung P, Freeman A, Wakeford R, Denney M, Law GR, Siriwardena AN (2021). Candidate perceptions of the UK Recorded Consultation Assessment for general practice licensing during COVID-19: cross-sectional data linkage study. Education for Primary Care (online first).

Willis A, Dallosso H, Gray L, James J, Taylor C, Davies M, Shaw D, Siriwardena AN, Khunti K (2021). Randomised controlled trial of an innovative hypoglycaemia pathway for self-care at home and admission avoidance: a partnership approach with a regional ambulance trust. British Paramedic Journal (in press).

Moore H, Siriwardena AN, Gussy M, Tanser F, Hill B, Spaight R (2021). Mental health emergencies and COVID-19: the impact of ‘lockdown’ in the East Midlands of the UK. British Journal of Psychology Open 7(e139): 1–7.

Garjani A, Hunter R, Law GR, Middleton RM, Tuite-Dalton KA, Dobson R, Ford DV, Hughes S, Pearson OR, Rog D, Tallantyre EC, Nicholas R, Morriss R, Evangelou N, das Nair R (2021). Mental health of people with multiple sclerosis during the COVID-19 outbreak: A prospective cohort and cross-sectional case-control study of the UK MS register. Multiple Sclerosis Journal (online first).

Snooks H, Watkins A, Bell F, Brady M, Carson-Stevens A, Duncan E, Evans B, England L, Foster T, Gallanders J, Gunson I, Harris-Mayes R, Kingston M, Lyons R, Miller E, Newton A, Porter A, Quinn T, Rosser A, Siriwardena AN, Spaight R, Williams V (2021). Call volume, triage outcomes and protocols during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK: results of a national survey. Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open 2:e12492.

Cooper A, Carson-Stevens A, Edwards M, Davies F, Donaldson L, Anderson P, Cooke M, Dale J, Evans B, Harrington B, Hepburn J, Hibbert P, Hughes T, Porter A, Siriwardena AN, Snooks H, Edwards A (2021). Identifying safe care processes when GPs work in or alongside emergency departments: realist evaluation. British Journal of General Practice (online first).

Orner RJ, Galpin J. Towards resolving the hard problem: a synergistic network account of consciousness (2021). The Journal of Mind and Behavior 42(1): 17–32.

Akanuwe JNA, Black S, Owen S, Siriwardena AN (2021). Barriers and facilitators to implementing a cancer risk assessment tool (QCancer) in primary care: a qualitative study. Primary Health Care Research and Development 2021; 22: e51.

Curtis F, Laparidou D, Bridle C, Law GR, Durrant S, Rodriguez A, Pierzycki R, Siriwardena AN (2021). Effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on insomnia in adults with tinnitus: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Sleep Medicine Reviews 56: 101405.

Langlois A, Armstrong S, Siriwardena AN (2021). Do national and international ethics documents accord with the consent substitute model for emergency research? Academic Emergency Medicine 28; 569-577.

Whitley GA, Hemingway P, Law GR, Siriwardena AN (2021). Ambulance clinician perspectives of disparity in pre-hospital child pain management: A mixed methods study. Health Science Reports 4:e261

Edwards M, Cooper A, Hughes T, Davies F, Sherlock R, Anderson P, Evans B, Carson-Stevens A, Cooke M, Dale J, Hibbert P, Harrington B, Hepburn J, Porter A, Rainer T, Siriwardena AN, Snooks H, Edwards (2021). A classification of primary care streaming pathways in UK emergency departments: findings from a multi-methods study comprising cross-sectional survey; site visits with observations, semi-structured and informal interviews. International Emergency Nursing 56.

Yu M, Kollias D, Wingate J, Siriwardena AN, Kollias S (2021). Machine learning for predictive modelling of ambulance calls. Electronics 10(4): 482.

Laparidou D, Curtis F, Akanuwe J, Jackson J, Hodgson TL, Siriwardena AN (2021). Patients’ experiences and perceptions of Guillain-Barré syndrome: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative research. PLOS ONE 16(2): e0245826.

Choudhry M, Edwards M, Cooper A, Anderson P, Carson-Stevens, A, Cooke M, Dale J, Hibbert P, Hughes T, Porter A, Rainer T, Siriwardena AN, Edwards A (2021). Senior clinical and business managers’ perspectives on the influence of different funding mechanisms, and barriers and enablers to implementing models of employing General Practitioners in or alongside Emergency Departments: qualitative study. Health policy 125(4):482-488.

Watkins CL, Jones SP, Hurley MA, Benedetto V, Price CIM, Sutton CJ, Quinn T, Bangee M, Chesworth B, Miller C, Doran D, Siriwardena AN, Gibson J (2021). Predictors of recognition of out of hospital cardiac arrest by emergency medical services call handlers in England: a mixed methods diagnostic accuracy study. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 29:7.


Thorn JC, Davies CF, Brookes ST, Noble SM, Dritsaki M, Gray E, Hughes DA, Mihaylova B, Petrou S, Ridyard C, Sach T (2020). Content of Health Economics Analysis Plans (HEAPs) for trial-based economic evaluations: expert Delphi consensus survey. Value in Health (online first).

Whitley GA, Hemingway P, Law GR, Jones A, Curtis F, Siriwardena AN (2020) The predictors, barriers and facilitators to effective management of acute pain in children by emergency medical services: a systematic mixed studies review. Journal of Child Health Care 2021 (online first).

Siriwardena AN (2020). Understanding and remedying the performance of doctors in training. Medical Education 54 (12): 1090-1092.

Whitley GA, Munro S, Hemingway P, Law GR, Siriwardena AN, Cooke D, Quinn T (2020). Mixed methods in pre-hospital research: understanding complex clinical problems. British Paramedic Journal 5(3): 44–51.

Sharif H, Abrehart N, Hoad CL, Murray K, Perkins AC, Smith M, Gowland PA, Spiller RC, Harris R, Kirkham S, Loganathan S, Papadopoulos M, Frost K, Devadason D, Luca Marciani 1 3, Young Persons Advisory Group (YPAG) (2020). Feasibility study of a new Magnetic Resonance Imaging mini-capsule device to measure whole gut transit time
in paediatric constipation. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 71: 604–611.

Edwards M, Cooper A, Davies F, Sherlock R, Carson-Stevens A, Price D, Porter A, Evans B, Islam S, Snooks H, Anderson P, Siriwardena AN, Hibbert P, Hughes T, Cooke M, Dale J, Edwards A (2020). Emergency department clinical leads’ experiences of implementing primary care services where GPs work in or alongside emergency departments in the UK: a qualitative study. BMC Emerg Med 20: 62.

Sirdifield C, Brooker C (2020). Maximising positive mental health outcomes for people under probation supervision. HM Inspectorate of Probation Academic Insight Paper, Manchester.

Akanuwe J, Laparidou D, Curtis F, Jackson J, Hodgson T, Siriwardena AN (2020). Exploring the experiences of having Guillain-Barré Syndrome: a qualitative interview study. Health Expectations 23:1338–1349..

Whitley GA, Hemingway P, Law GR, Wilson C, Siriwardena AN (2020). Predictors of effective management of acute pain in children within a UK ambulance service: a cross-sectional study. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 38: 1424–1430.

Scott EM, Feig DS, Murphy HR, Law GR, CONCEPTT Collaborative Group (2020). Continuous glucose monitoring in pregnancy: importance of analyzing temporal profiles to understand clinical outcomes. Diabetes Care 43(6): 1178-1184.

Sirdifield C, Marples R, Denney D, Brooker C (2020). Perceptions of the effectiveness of health care for probationersInternational Journal of Prisoner Health. 16 (2): 123-134.

Price D, Edwards M, Carson-Stevens A, Cooper A, Davies F, Evans B, Hibbert P, Hughes T, Rainer T, Siriwardena AN, Edwards A (2020). Challenges of recruiting emergency department patients to a qualitative study: a thematic analysis of researchers’ experiences. BMC Medical Research Methodology 20:151.

Kyle SD, Madigan CD, Begum N, Abel L, Armstrong S, Aveyard P, Bower P, Ogburn E, Siriwardena AN, Yu LM, Espie C (2020). Primary care treatment of insomnia: study protocol for a pragmatic, multicentre, randomised controlled trial comparing nurse-delivered sleep restriction therapy to sleep hygiene: the HABIT trial. BMJ Open 10:e036248.

Phung VH, Asghar Z, Matiti M, Siriwardena AN (2020). Healthcare experiences of migrant and minority ethnic patients in Europe: a systematic scoping review. BMC Health Services Research 20:173.

Porter A, Badshah A, Black S, Fitzpatrick D, Harris-Mayes R, Islam S,Jones M, Kingston M, LaFlamme-Williams Y, Mason S, McNee K, Morgan H, Morrison Z, Mountain P, Potts H, Rees N, Shaw D, Siriwardena AN, Snooks H, Spaight R, Williams V (2020). Electronic health records in ambulances: the ERA multiple-methods study. Health Serv Deliv Res 8 (10).

Jones HM, Curtis F, Law GR, Bridle C, Boyle D, Ahmed T (2020). Evaluating follow-up and complexity in cancer clinical trials (EFACCT): an eDelphi study of research professionals’ perspectives. BMJ open 10 (2).

Brooker C, Sirdifield C,  Marples R. (2020) Mental health and probation: A systematic review of the literature. Forensic Science International: Science and Law, 1.

Sirdifield, C., Brooker C, Marples R. (2020) Suicide and probation: A systematic review of the literature. Forensic Science International: Science and Law, 1, 100012.

Siriwardena AN (2020). Key learning points: BAP insomnia and sleep disorders. Guidelines in Practice.

Akanuwe JNA, Black S, Owen S, Siriwardena AN (2020).  Communicating cancer risk in the primary care consultation when using a cancer risk assessment tool – qualitative study with service users and practitioners. Health Expectations 2020;23:510–519.


Ianiro G, Murri R, Sciumè GD, Impagnatiello M, Masucci L, Ford AC, Law GR, Tilg H, Sanguinetti M, Cauda R, Gasbarrini A, Fantoni M, Cammarota G (2019). Incidence of bloodstream infections, length of hospital stay, and survival in patients with recurrent clostridioides difficile infection treated with fecal microbiota transplantation or antibiotics: a prospective cohort study. Annals of Internal Medicine 171 (10): 695-702.

Sirdifield C, Marples R, Brooker C, Denney D. (2019) Improving the health and quality of healthcare for people on probation, Probation Quarterly, 14: 11-15.

Bath PM, Woodhouse LJ, Krishnan K, Appleton JP, Anderson CS, Berge E, Cala L, Dixon M, England TJ, Godolphin PJ, Hepburn T, Mair G, Montgomery AA, Phillips SJ, Potter J, Price CI, Randall M, Robinson TG, Roffe C, Rothwell PM, Sandset EC, Sanossian N, Saver JL, Siriwardena AN, Venables G, Wardlaw JM, Sprigg N (2019). Pre-hospital transdermal glyceryl trinitrate for ultra-acute intracerebral haemorrhage- data from the RIGHT-2 trial. Stroke 50:3064–3071.

Armstrong S, Langlois A, Siriwardena AN, Quinn T (2019). Ethical considerations in prehospital ambulance based research: qualitative interview study of expert informants. BMC Medical Ethics 20:88.

Asghar Z, Williams N, Denney ML, Siriwardena AN (2019). Performance in candidates declaring vs not declaring dyslexia in a licensing clinical exam. Medical Education: 53: 1243–1252.

Alghamdi A, Cook E, Carlton, E, Siriwardena AN, Hann M, Thompson A, Foulkes A, Phillips J, Cooper J, Bell S, Kirby K, Rosser A, Body R. (2019). PRe-hospital Evaluation of Sensitive TrOponin (PRESTO) Study: multicentre prospective diagnostic accuracy study protocol. BMJ Open; 9(10): e032834.

Whitley GA, Hemingway P, Law GR, Siriwardena AN (2019). The complexity of pain management in children. Journal of Paramedic Practice; 11(11): 466-468.

Cooper A, Edwards M, Brandling J, Carson-Stevens A, Cooke M, Davies F, Hughes T Morton K, Siriwardena AN Voss S, Benger J, Edwards A (2019). Taxonomy of the form and function of primary care services in or alongside emergency departments: concepts paper. EMJ; 36: 625-630.

Curtis F, Keogh S, Bridle C, Siriwardena AN, Nadkarni A, Laparidou D, Durrant S, Kargas N, Law G (2019). Effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for insomnia in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One; 14(8):e0221428.

Sirdifield C, Denney D, Marples R, Brooker C (2019). Researching healthcare availability for probation clients: an illustration of methodological challenges and lessons in surveying organisations. British Journal of Community Justice. 15 (1): 1-18.

Law GR, Alnaji A, Alrefaii L, Endersby D, Cartland SJ, Gilbey SG, Jennings PE, Murphy HR, Scott EM (2019). Suboptimal nocturnal glucose control is associated with large for gestational age in treated gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 42(5): 810-815.

Asghar Z, Lusignan S, Caballero AG, Grassby P, McKay S, Siriwardena AN (2019). Saving bones without risking brain – bisphosphonates and risk of stroke: matched case-control study. Osteoporosis International; 30: 1845-1854

Pattinson J, Blow C, Sinha B, Siriwardena AN (2019). Exploring reasons for differences in performance between UK and international medical graduates in the Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners Applied Knowledge Test: a cognitive interview study. BMJ Open ; 9:e030341.

Turner J, Siriwardena AN, Coster J, Jacques R, Irving A, Crum A, Gorrod HB, Nichol J, Phung VH, Togher F, Wilson R, O’Cathain A, Booth A, Bradbury D, Goodacre S, Spaight A, Shewan J, Pilbery R, Fall D, Marsh M, Broadway-Parkinson A, Lyons R, Snooks H, Campbell M (2019). Developing new ways of measuring the quality and impact of ambulance service care: the PhOEBE mixed-methods research programme. NIHR Programme Grants for Applied Research Journal 7(3): 1-90.

Cooper A, Davies F, Edwards M, Anderson P, Carson-Stevens A,Cooke M, Donaldson L, Dale J, Evans B, Hibbert P, Hughes T, Porter A, Rainer T, Siriwardena AN, Snooks H, Edwards A (2019). The impact of general practitioners working in or alongside emergency departments: a rapid realist review. BMJ Open; 9:e024501.

Simmons L, Jones A, Siriwardena AN, Bridle C (2019). Interventions to reduce sickness absence among healthcare workers: A systematic review. International Journal of Emergency Services (online first).

Hawkes C, Brown T, Booth S, Fothergill RT, Siriwardena AN, Zakaria S, Askew S, Williams J, Rees N, Ji C, Perkins G (2019). Attitudes to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillator use: a survey of UK adults in 2017. Journal of the American Heart Association 8:e008267.

Rose J, Glazebrook C, Wharrad H, Siriwardena AN, Swift JA, Nathan D, Weng SF, Atkinson PJ, Ablewhite J, McMaster F, Watson V, Redsell S (2019). Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk): A qualitative study of parents’ and professionals’ perspectives on an mHealth intervention. BMC Public Health ; 19:294.

Bath PM, Scutt P, Anderson CS, Ankolekar A, Appleton JP, Berge E, Cala L, Dixon M, England TJ, Godolphin PJ, Havard D, Haywood L, Hepburn T, Krishnan K, Mair G, Montgomery AA, Muir K, Phillips SJ, Pocock S, Potter J, Price CI, Randall M, Robinson TG, Roffe C, Rothwell PM, Sandset EC, Sanossian N, Saver JL, Shone A, Siriwardena AN, Wardlaw JM, Woodhouse LJ, Venables G, Sprigg N et al (2019). Prehospital transdermal glyceryl trinitrate in patients with ultra-acute presumed stroke (RIGHT-2): an ambulance-based, randomised, sham-controlled, blinded, phase 3 trial. The Lancet 393:1009-20.

Coster J, O’Cathain A, Jacques R, Crum A, Siriwardena AN, Turner J (2019). Outcomes for patients who contact the emergency ambulance service and are not transported to the emergency department: a data linkage study. Prehospital Emergency Care (online first).

Espie CA, Emsley R, Kyle SD, Gordon C, Drake CL, Siriwardena AN, Cape J, Ong JC, Sheaves B, Foster R, Freeman D, Costa-Font J, Marsden A, Luik AI (2019). Effect of digital cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia on health, psychological well-being, and sleep-related quality of life: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry 76:21-30.

Singh A, Musa TA, Treibel TA,Vassiliou VS, Captur G, Chin C, Dobson LE, Pica S, Loudon M, Malley T, Rigolli M, Foley JRJ, Bijsterveld P, Law GR, Dweck MR, Myerson SG, Prasad SK, Moon JC, Greenwood JP, McCann GP (2019). Sex differences in left ventricular remodelling, myocardial fibrosis and mortality after aortic valve replacement. Heart 105:1818-1824.

Siriwardena AN, Asghar Z, Lord B, Pocock, H, Phung VH, Foster T, Williams J, Snooks (2019). Patient and clinician factors associated with pain treatment and outcomes: cross sectional study. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 37 (2): 266-271.

Luik AI, Machado F, Siriwardena AN, Espie CA (2019). Screening for insomnia disorder in primary care using a two-item short form of the Sleep Condition Indicator (SCI-02). British Journal of General Practice 69: 79.


Coster J, O’Cathain A, Jacques R, Crum A, Siriwardena AN, Turner J (2018). Outcomes for patients who contact the emergency ambulance service and are not transported to the Emergency Department: a data linkage study. Prehospital Emergency Care (online first).

Vos J, Gerling K, Linehan C, Siriwardena AN, Windle K (2018) Understanding care navigation by older adults with multimorbidity: mixed-methods study using social network and framework analyses. Journal of Medical Internet Research Aging 1(2): e11054.

Jones M, Smith MD, Lewis S, Parrott S, Coleman T (2018). A dynamic, modifiable model for estimating cost effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy: application to an RCT of self-help delivered by text message. Addiction (online first).

Whitley GA, Hemingway P, Law GR, Jones A, Curtis F, Siriwardena AN (2018) What are the predictors, barriers and facilitators to effective management of acute pain in children by ambulance services: a  mixed methods systematic review protocol. British Paramedic Journal, 3 (2): 22-28.

Walker PP, Pompilio PP, Zanaboni P, Bergmo TS, Prikk K, Malinovschi A, Montserrat JM, Middlemass J, Šonc S, Munaro J, Marušič D, Sepper R, Rosso R, Siriwardena AN, Janson C,  Farre R, Calverley PMA, Dellaca RL (2018).Telemonitoring in COPD: the CHROMED study, a randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (AJRCCM) 198 (5): 620-628.

Parke A, Griffiths M, Pattinson J, Keatley D. Age-related physical and psychological vulnerability as pathways to problem gambling in older adults (2018). Journal of Behavioural Addictions (online first).

Pattinson J, Lewis S, Bains M, Britton J, Langley T (2018). Vape shops: who uses them and what do they do? BMC Public Health 18:541.

Brooker C, Paul S, Sirdifield C (2018). Mental health in Sexual Assault Referral Centres: A survey of forensic physicians. Forensic and Legal Medicine 58:117-121.

O’Cathain A, Knowles E, Bishop-Edwards L, Coster J, Crum A, Jacques R, James C, Lawson R, Marsh M, O’Hara R, Siriwardena AN, Stone T, Turner J, Williams J (2018). Understanding variation in ambulance service non-conveyance rates: A mixed methods study. Health Services and Delivery Research 6 (19).

Neden CA, Parkin C, Blow C, Siriwardena AN (2018). Has there been a change in the knowledge of GP registrars between 2011 and 2016 as measured by performance on common items in the Applied Knowledge Test? Education for Primary Care (online first).

Yates EJ, Schmidbauer S, Smyth AM, Ward M, Dorrian S, Siriwardena AN, Friberg H, Perkins GD (2018). Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest termination of resuscitation with ongoing CPR: An observational study. Resuscitation 130: 21–27.

Laparidou D, Middlemass J, Karran T, Siriwardena AN (2018). Caregivers’ interactions with health care services – mediator of stress or added strain? Experiences and perceptions of informal caregivers of people with dementia – A qualitative study. Dementia: the international journal of social research and practice (online first).

Espie CA, Machado PF, Carl J, Kyle SD, Cape J, Siriwardena AN, Luik AI (2018). The Sleep Condition Indicator: reference values derived from a sample of 200,000 adults. Journal of Sleep Research 2018; 27: e12643.

Dickson J, Asghar ZSiriwardena AN (2018). Pre-hospital ambulance care of patients following a suspected seizure: a cross sectional study. Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy 57: 38-44.

Asghar Z, Siriwardena AN, Elfes C, Richardson J, Larcombe J, Neden K, Salim A, Smalley D, Blow C (2018). Performance of candidates disclosing dyslexia with other candidates in a UK medical licensing examination: cross-sectional study. Postgraduate Medical Journal 94:198–203.

Phung VH, Trueman I, Togher F, Orner R, Siriwardena AN (2018). Perceptions and experiences of Community First Responders on their role and relationships: qualitative interview study. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 26:13.

Chadraratne N, Pathirathna KGRV, Harrison C, Siriwardena AN (2018). A comparison of policies and guidelines related to multimorbidity in UK, Australia and Sri Lanka. Australian Journal of General Practice 47:15-19.

Coster J, Irving AD, Turner JK, Phung VH, Siriwardena AN (2018). Prioritizing novel and existing ambulance performance measures through expert and lay consensus: a three-stage multimethod consensus study. Health Expectations 21:249–260

Irving A, Turner J, Marsh M, Broadway-Parkinson A, Fall D, Coster J, Siriwardena AN (2018). A coproduced patient and public event: an approach to developing and prioritizing ambulance performance measures. Health Expectations 21:230–238 .

Sagar RC, Sood R, Gracie DJ, Gold MJ, To N, Law GR, Ford AC. (2018). Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a prevalent and under-recognized condition in the gastroenterology outpatient clinic. Neurogastroenterology and Motility.


Creupelandt H, Anthierens S, Habraken H, Declercq T, Sirdifield C, Siriwardena AN, and Christiaens T (2017). Teaching young GPs to cope with psychosocial consultations without prescribing: a durable impact of an e-module on determinants of benzodiazepines prescribing. BMC Medical Education 17:259.

Keeble C, Thwaites PA. Baxter PD, Barber S, Parslow RC, Law GR. (2017). Learning through chain event graphs: the role of maternal factors in childhood type I diabetes. American Journal of Epidemiology

Keeble C, Thwaites PA, Barber S, Law GR, Baxter PD (2017) Adaptation of chain event graphs for use with case-Control studies in epidemiology. The International Journal of Biostatistics, 13 (2).

Law GR, Gilthorpe MS, Secher AL, Temple R, Bilous R, Mathiesen ER, Murphy HR, Scott EM. (2017) Translating HbA1c measurements into estimated average glucose values in pregnant women with diabetes. Diabetologia, 60 (4).

Sood R, Gracie DJ, Gold MJ, To N, Pinto-Sanchez MI, Bercik P, Moayyedi P, Ford A C, Law GR. (2017) Derivation and validation of a diagnostic test for irritable bowel syndrome using latent class analysis. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 45 (6): 824-832.

Swoboda PPL, McDiarmid AK, Erhayiem B, Law GR, Garg P. Broadbent DA, Ripley DP, Musa TA, Dobson LE, Foley JR, Fent GJ, Page SP, Greenwood JP, Plein S. (2017). Effect of cellular and extracellular pathology assessed by T1 mapping on regional contractile function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 19 (16).

Rajagopala S, Booth S, Brown TP, Jia C, Hawkes C., Siriwardena AN, Kirby K, Black S, Spaight R, Gunson I, Brace-McDonnell CJ, Perkins GD, on behalf of OHCAO collaborators (2017). Data quality and 30-day survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the UK out-of-hospital cardiac arrest registry: a data linkage study. BMJ Open 7:e017784.

Armstrong S, Langlois A, Laparidou D, Dixon M, Appleton JP, Bath PM, Snooks H, Siriwardena AN (2017). Assessment of consent models as an ethical consideration in the conduct of prehospital ambulance randomised controlled clinical trials: a systematic review. BMC Medical Research Methodology 17:142.

Alnahar S, Elliott R, Smith MD (2017). Biosimilar uptake by British local formularies: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.

Redsell S, Rose J Weng S, Swift JA, Siriwardena AN, Nathan D, Wharrad H, Atkinson P, Watson V, McMaster F, Lakshman R, Ong K, Glazebrook C (2017). Digital technology to facilitate proactive assessment of obesity risk during infancy (ProAsk): a feasibility study. BMJ Open 2017;7:e017694.

Freeman D, Sheaves B, Goodwin G, Yu L, Nickless A, Harrison P, Emsley R, Luik A, Foster R, Wadekar V, Hinds C, Gumley A, Jones R, Lightman S, Jones S, Bentall R, Kinderman P, Rowse G, Brugha T, Blagrove M, Gregory A, Fleming L, Walklet E, Glazebrook C, Davies B, Hollis C, Haddock G, John B, Coulson M, Fowler D, Pugh K, Cape J, Moseley P, Brown G, Hughes C, Obonsawin M, Coker S, Watkins E, Schwannauer M, Macmahon K, Siriwardena AN, C Espie (2017). An explanatory randomised controlled trial testing the effects of improving sleep on mental health: an interventionist-causal model approach with mediation analysis. The Lancet Psychiatry (in press).

Henderson H, Evans AB, Collinson JA, Siriwardena AN (2017). The ‘wild and woolly’ world of exercise referral schemes: contested interpretations of an exercise as medicine programmeQualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health (online first).

Snooks HA, Anthony R, Chatters R, Dale J, Fothergill R, Gaze S, Halter M, Humphreys I, Koniotou M, Logan P, Lyons RA, Mason S, Nicholl J, Peconi J, Phillips C, Porter A, Siriwardena AN, Wani M, Watkins A, Wilson L, Russell IT (2017). Paramedic assessment of older adults after falls, including community care referral pathway: cluster randomized trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine 70 (4): 495–505.e28.

Middlemass JB, Vos J, Siriwardena AN (2017). Perceptions on use of home telemonitoring in patients with long term conditions – concordance with the Health Information Acceptance Model: A qualitative collective case study. Medical Informatics and Decision Making 17:89.

Phung VH, Trueman I, Togher F, Orner R, Siriwardena AN (2017). Community First Responders and responder schemes in the United Kingdom: systematic scoping review. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 25:58.

Snooks HA, Anthony R, Chatters R, Dale J, Fothergill R, Gaze S, Halter M, Humphreys I, Koniotou  M, Logan P, Lyons R, Mason S, Nicholl J, Peconi J, Phillips C, Phillips J, Porter A, Siriwardena AN, Smith G, Toghill A, Wani M, Watkins A, Whitfield R, Wilson L, Russell IT (2017). Support and Assessment for Fall Emergency Referrals (SAFER) 2: Cluster randomised trial and systematic review of clinical and cost effectiveness of new protocols for emergency ambulance paramedics to assess older people following a fall with referral to community based care when appropriate. Health Technology Assessment 21(13).

Johnson M, O’Hara R, Hirst E, Weymann A, Turner J, Mason S, Quinn T, Shewan J, Siriwardena AN (2017) . Multiple triangulation and collaborative research using qualitative methods to explore decision making in pre-hospital emergency care. BMC Medical Research Methodology 17(11):1-11.

Hawkes C, Booth S, Ji C, Brace-McDonnell SJ, Whittington A, Mapstone J, Cooke MW, Deakin CD, Gale CP, Fothergill R, Nolan JP, Rees N, Soar J, Siriwardena AN, Brown TP, Perkins GD and collaborators (2017). Epidemiology and outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in England. Resuscitation 110:133-40.


Siriwardena AN (2016) Chronic insomnia: assessment and advice are essential. Guidelines in Practice, 19 (12): 33-44.

Alnahar SA, Smith MD, Elliott RA (2016) The uptake of biosimilar infliximab by English Acute Trusts. Value in Health, 19 (3): A265.

Sirdifield C, Owen S (2016). Probation’s role in offender mental health. Int J Prison Health 12(3):185-99.

Sirdifield C, Owen S and Brooker C. Engaging offenders on probation in health research: lessons field. Nurse Res 2016; 24(2): 18-23.

Sirdifield C, Chipchase SY, Owen S, Siriwardena AN (2016) A systematic review and meta-synthesis of patients’ experiences and perceptions of seeking and using benzodiazepines and z-drugs: towards safer prescribing. The Patient (online first).

Sirdifield C, Caballero AG, Windle K, Jackson C, McKay S, Schäfer WA, Siriwardena AN (2016). Comparing importance and performance from a patient perspective in English general practice: a cross-sectional surveyFamily Practice 33(2):179-85.

Asghar Z, Phung VH, Siriwardena AN (2016). Ethnicity and prehospital care for people with suspected cardiac pain: cross-sectional study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22(5):721-5.

Espie C, Luik AI, Cape J, Drake CL, Siriwardena AN, Ong JC, Gordon C, Bostock S, Hames P, Nisbet M, Sheaves B, Foster R, Freeman D, Costa-Font J, Emsley R. Kyle SD (2016). Digital Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia versus sleep hygiene education: the impact of improved sleep on functional health, quality of life and psychological well-being. Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 17(1):257.

Redsell SA, Edmonds BA, Swift JA, Glazebrook C, Weng SF, Nathan D, Siriwardena AN (2016). Systematic review of behavioural and non-behavioural interventions, delivered during infancy and the antenatal period, that reduce the risk of overweight and obesity in childhood. Maternal and Child Health 12(1):24-38.


Asghar Z, Coupland C, Siriwardena AN (2015). ) Influenza vaccination and risk of stroke: self-controlled case-series study. Vaccine 33: 5458-63.

Phung V, Windle K, Siriwardena AN (2015) Responding to diversity and delivering equality in prehospital care: statutory responsibilities, best practice and recommendations. In: Ambulance Services: Leadership and Management Perspectives. Springer, London.

Phung VH, Essam N, Asghar Z, Spaight A, Siriwardena AN (2015). Exploration of contextual factors in a successful quality improvement collaborative in English ambulance services: cross-sectional survey. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 9 (17): 1-9.

Ong, T, Busca G, Sheldon W, Siriwardena, AN. and Sahota O. (2015)  The unseen cost of falls: The environmental impact of attending falls call out by the emergency ambulance services. European Geriatric Medicine (online first).

Koniotou M,  Evans BA, Chatters R, Fothergill R, Garnsworthy C, Gaze S, Halter M, Mason S, Peconi J, Porter A, Siriwardena AN, Toghill A, Snooks H (2015). Involving older people in a multi-centre randomised trial of a complex intervention in pre-hospital emergency care: implementation of a collaborative model. Trials 16: 298.

Turner J, Coster J, Chambers D, Phung, V-H, Knowles E, Bradbury D, Goyder E (2015). What evidence is there on the effectiveness of different models of delivering urgent care? A rapid review. Project Report. NIHR Journals Library, Southampton.

Phung V-H, Siriwardena AN, Windle K, Asghar Z, Barot M, Kai J, Johnson M (2015). Ethnicity and prehospital emergency care provided by ambulance services. Discussion Paper. Race Equality Foundation, Manchester.

Owton H, Allen-Collinson J, Siriwardena AN (2015. Using a narrative approach in clinical practice to enhance asthma patient care. Chest 148(1): 1-6.

Brooker C, Sirdifield C,  Ramsbotham D, Denney D (2015) NHS commissioning in probation in England: on a wing and a prayer. Health and Social Care in the Community. ISSN: 0966-0410

Qureshi N, Kai J, Middlemass J, Dhiman P, Cross-Bardell L, Acharya J, Li KW, Humphries SE, Standen PJ. Comparison of coronary heart disease genetic assessment with conventional cardiovascular risk assessment in primary care: reflections on a feasibility study. Primary Healthcare Research and Development (online first)

Dixon H, Blow C, Milne P, Siriwardena AN, Milne H, Elfes C (2015). Quality assurance of the Applied Knowledge Test (AKT) of the MRCGP examination – an immediate post-test questionnaire evaluation of the candidates’ views. Education for Primary Care 26, 4: 223-232.

O’Hara R, Johnson M, Siriwardena AN, Weyman A, Turner J, Shaw D, Mortimer P, Newman C, Hirst E, Storey M, Mason S, Quinn T, Shewan J (2015) A qualitative study of systemic influences on paramedic decision making: care transitions and patient safety. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 20 (S1): 45-53.


O’Hara R, Johnson M, Hirst E, Weyman A, Shaw D, Mortimer P, Newman C, Storey M, Turner J, Mason S, Quinn T, Shewan J, Siriwardena AN (2014) A qualitative study of decision-making and safety in ambulance service transitions. Health Services Delivery Research, 2 (56): 0-146.

Gillam S, Siriwardena AN (2014) Quality improvement in primary care: the essential guide. Radcliffe Publishing Ltd., Milton Keynes.

Togher FJ, O’Cathain A, Phung VH, Turner J, Siriwardena AN (2014) Reassurance as a key outcome valued by emergency ambulance service users: a qualitative interview study. Health Expectations (online first).

Shaw D, Siriwardena AN (2014) Identifying barriers and facilitators to ambulance service assessment and treatment of acute asthma: a focus group study. BMC Emergency Medicine, 14 (18): 1-9.

Ankolekar S, Parry R, Sprigg N, Siriwardena AN, Bath PMW (2014) Views of paramedics on their role in an out-of-hospital ambulance-based trial in ultra-acute stroke: qualitative data from the Rapid Intervention with Glyceryl Trinitrate in Hypertensive Stroke Trial (RIGHT). Annals of Emergency Medicine. pp. 1-9.

Davy Z, Middlemass J, Siriwardena AN (2014) Patients’ and clinicians’ experiences and perceptions of the primary care management of insomnia: qualitative study. Health Expectations, Online.

Siriwardena ANAsghar Z, Coupland CA. (2014) Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination and risk of stroke or transient ischaemic attack: matched case control study. Vaccine, 32 (12).

Dixon H,Blow C, Milne P, Siriwardena AN (2014) Reliability of non-pretested versus pretested questions in the applied knowledge test (AKT) of the MRCGP: evidence of quality assurance. Education for Primary Care, 25 (3):149-154.

Kyle SD, Miller CB, Rogers Z, Siriwardena AN, MacMahon KM, Espie CA. (2014) Sleep Restriction Therapy for Insomnia is associated with reduced objective total sleep time, increased daytime somnolence, and objectively-impaired vigilance: implications for the clinical management of Insomnia Disorder . Sleep 37(2):229-237.

Siriwardena ANShaw D, Essam N, Togher FJ, Davy Z, Spaight A, Dewey M (2014) The effect of a national quality improvement collaborative on prehospital care for acute myocardial infarction and stroke in England. Implementation Science, 9 (17): 1-9.

Dyas J, Togher FJ, Siriwardena AN (2014) Intervention fidelity in primary care complex intervention trials: qualitative study using telephone interviews of patients and practitioners. Quality in Primary Care, 22 (1): 25-34.


Sirdifield C, Anthierens S,Creupelandt H, Chipchase S, Christiaens T, Siriwardena AN (2013) General practitioners’ experiences and perceptions of benzodiazepine prescribing: systematic review and meta-synthesis. BMC Family Practice (14):191.

Ankolekar S, Fuller M, Cross I, Renton C, Cox P, Sprigg N, Siriwardena AN, Bath PMW. (2013) Feasibility of an ambulance-based stroke trial, and safety of glyceryl trinitrate in ultra-acute stroke: the Rapid Intervention With Glyceryl Trinitrate in Hypertensive Stroke Trial (RIGHT, ISRCTN66434824). Stroke, 44 (11): 3120-3128.

Norfolk T, Siriwardena AN (2013) A comprehensive model for diagnosing the causes of individual medical performance problems: skills, knowledge, internal, past and external factors (SKIPE). Quality in Primary Care, 21 (5):315-323.

Togher FJ  Davy Z, Siriwardena AN (2013) Patients’ and ambulance service clinicians’ experiences of prehospital care for acute myocardial infarction and stroke: a qualitative study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 30 (11). pp. 942-948.

Redsell SA, Swift J, Nathan D, Siriwardena AN, Atkinson P, Glazebrook C. (2013) UK health visitors’ role in identifying and intervening with infants at risk of developing obesity. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 9 (3): 396-408.

Khunti K, Fisher, H, Paul, S, Iqbal M, Davies MJ, Siriwardena AN (2013) Severe hypoglycaemia requiring emergency medical assistance by ambulance services in the East Midlands: a retrospective study. Primary Care Diabetes.


Huedo-Medina TB, Kirsch I, Middlemass J, Klonizakis M, Siriwardena AN (2012) Effectiveness of non-benzodiazepine hypnotics in treatment of adult insomnia: meta-analysis of data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration. British Medical Journal, 345 (e8343): 1-13.

Qureshi N, Armstrong S, Dhiman P, Saukko P, Middlemass J, Evans PH, Kai J (2012) Effect of adding systematic family history enquiry to cardiovascular disease risk assessment in primary care. Annals of Internal Medicine, 156 (4): 253-262.

Davy Z, Quinn C, Togher F, Wilson H, Siriwardena AN (2012) Investigating qualitative and quantitative validity of PSYCHLOPS: a novel Patient Reported Outcome Measure in a pilot study of primary care management of insomnia. The International Journal of Person Centered Medicine, 2 (4): 845-852.

Middlemass J, Davy Z, Cavanagh K, Linehan C, Morgan K, Lawson S, Siriwardena AN (2012) Integrating online communities and social networks with computerised treatment for insomnia: a qualitative study. British Journal of General Practice, 62 (605). pp. e840-e850.

Siriwardena AN (2012) Increasing evidence that influenza is a trigger for cardiovascular disease. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 206 (11): 1636-1638.

Snooks H, Anthony R, Chatters R, Cheung W-Y, Dale J, Donohoe R, Gaze S, Halter M, Koniotou M, Logan P, Lyons R,Mason S, Nicholl J, Phillips, C, Phillips J, Russell I, Siriwardena AN Wani M, Watkins A, Whitfield R, Wilson L (2012)Support and assessment for fall emergency referrals (SAFER 2) research protocol: cluster randomised trial of the clinical and cost effectiveness of new protocols for emergency ambulance paramedics to assess and refer to appropriate community-based care. BMJ Open, 2 (e002169).

Ankolekar S, Sare G, Geeganage C, Fuller M, Stokes L, Sprigg N, Parry R, Siriwardena AN, Bath PMW (2012) Determining the feasibility of ambulance-based randomised controlled trials in patients with ultra-acute stroke: study protocol for the “Rapid Intervention with GTN in Hypertensive Stroke Trial” (RIGHT, ISRCTN66434824). Stroke Research and Treatment, 2012. pp. 1-10.

Gillam SJ, Siriwardena AN, Steel N (2012) Pay-for-performance in the UK: the impact of the Quality and Outcomes Framework – systematic review. Annals of Family Medicine, 10 (5). pp. 461-468. ISSN: 1544-1709.

Davy Z, Siriwardena AN (2012) To be or not to be LGBT in primary health care: health care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. British Journal of General Practice, 62 (602): 491-492.

Clawson J, Barron T, Scott G, Siriwardena AN, Patterson B, Olola C (2012) Medical priority dispatch system breathing problems protocol key Question combinations are associated with patient acuity. Prehospital Disaster Medicine, 27 (4): 375-380.

Siriwardena AN, Irish B, Asghar Z, Milne P, Dixon H, Neden C, Richardson J, Blow C (2012) Comparing performance among male and female candidates in sex- specific clinical knowledge in the MRCGP. British Journal of General Practice, 62 (599): e446-e450.

Dexter LJ, Teare MD, Dexter M, Siriwardena AN Read RC(2012) Strategies to increase influenza vaccination rates: outcomes of a nationwide cross-sectional survey of UK general practice. BMJ Open, 2: 1-9.

Iqbal M, Spaight A, Siriwardena AN (2012) Patients’ and emergency clinicians’ perceptions of improving pre-hospital pain management: a qualitative study. Emergency Medicine Journal (online first).

Brooker C, Sirdifield C, Blizard R, Denney D, Pluck G (2012) Probation and mental illness. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 23 (4). pp. 522-537.

Pluck G, Sirdifield C, Brooker C, Moran, P. (2012) Screening for personality disorder in probationers: validation of the Standardised Assessment of Personality—Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS). Personality and Mental Health, 6 (1). pp. 61-68.


Gwini SM, Shaw D, Iqbal M, Spaight A, Siriwardena AN (2011) Exploratory study of factors associated with adverse clinical features in patients presenting with non-fatal drug overdose/self-poisoning to the ambulance service. Emergency Medicine Journal, 28. pp. 892-894.

Redsell SA, Atkinson P, Nathan D, Siriwardena AN, Swift JA, Glazebrook C (2011) Preventing childhood obesity during infancy in UK primary care: a mixed-methods study of HCPs’ knowledge, beliefs and practice. BMC Family Practice, 12 (54). pp. 1-9.

Apekey TA, McSorley G, Tilling M, Siriwardena AN (2011) Room for improvement? Leadership, innovation culture and uptake of quality improvement methods in general practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 17 (2). pp. 311-318.

Gwini SM, Shaw D, Iqbal M, Spaight A, Siriwardena AN (2011) Factors associated with adverse clinical features in patients presenting with non-fatal self-poisoning. Emergency Medicine Journal, 28 (3e): 5-5.

Iqbal M, Spaight A, Siriwardena AN, Shaw D (2011) Investigation of patient and practitioner views on improving pain management in the prehospital setting. Emergency Medicine Journal, 28 (3e): 1-1.

Snooks H, Cheung WY, Gwini SM, Humphreys I, Sanchez A, Siriwardena AN (2011) Can older people who fall be identified in the ambulance call centre to enable alternative responses or care pathways?. Emergency Medicine Journal, 28 (3e): 3-4.

Gwini SM, Coupland CAC, Siriwardena AN (2011) The effect of influenza vaccination on risk of acute myocardial infarction: Self-controlled case-series study. Vaccine, 29 (6): 1145-1149.

Banerjee S, Siriwardena AN, Iqbal M (2011) What influences pre-hospital cannulation intentions in paramedics? An application of the theory of reasoned action. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 17 (1): 84-90.

Ainsworth JD, Carruthers E, Crouch P, Green N, O’Flaherty M, Sperrin M, Williams R, Asghar Z, Capewell S, Buchan IE. (2011) IMPACT: a generic tool for modelling and simulating public health policy. Methods of Information in Medicine, 50 (5): 454-463.

Phung VH (2011) Ethnicity, migration and employment disadvantage under New Labour: reviewing the evidence from the United Kingdom. Policy Studies, 32 (5): 497-513.


Siriwardena AN, Gwini SM, Coupland C (2010) Influenza vaccination, pneumococcal vaccination and risk of acute myocardial infarction: matched case–control study. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 182 (15): 1617-1623.

Redsell SA, Atkinson P, Nathan D, Siriwardena AN, Swift JA, Glazebrook C (2010) Parents’ beliefs about appropriate infant size, growth and feeding behaviour: implications for the prevention of childhood obesity. BMC Public Health, 10 (711): 1-10.

Siriwardena AN, Shaw D,Bouliotis G (2010) Exploratory cross-sectional study of factors associated with pre-hospital management of pain. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16: 1269–1275

Siriwardena AN, Apekey T, Tilling M, Dyas JV, Middleton H, Orner R (2010) General practitioners’ preferences for managing insomnia and opportunities for reducing hypnotic prescribing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16 (4): 731-737.

Siriwardena AN (2010) Should the Quality and Outcomes Framework be abolished? No. British Medical Journal.

Dyas J, Apekey T, Tilling M, Orner R, Middleton H, Siriwardena AN (2010) Patients’ and clinicians’ experiences of consultations in primary care for sleep problems and insomnia: a focus group study. British Journal of General Practice, 60 (574): 329-333.

Siriwardena, A Niroshan (2010) Why do general practitioners prescribe psychotropic drugs when they would rather provide alternative psychological interventions?.British Journal of General Practice, 60 (573): 241-242.

Siriwardena, A Niroshan and Shaw, Debbie and Donohoe, Rachael and Black, Sarah and Stephenson, John (2010) Development and pilot of clinical performance indicators for English ambulance services. Emergency Medicine Journal, 27. pp. 327-331.

Siriwardena AN, Donohoe R, Stephenson J, Phillips P (2010) Supporting research and development in ambulance services: research for better healthcare in prehospital settings. Emergency Medicine Journal, 27: 24-326.

Siriwardena ANApekey T, Tilling M, Harrison A, Dyas JV, Middleton HC, Orner R, Sach T, Dewey M, Qureshi MZ (2010) Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an educational intervention for practice teams to deliver problem focused therapy for insomnia: rationale and design of a pilot cluster randomised trial. BMC Family Practice, 10 (9): 1-10.

Redsell SA, Bedford H, Siriwardena AN, Collier J, Atkinson P (2010) Health visitors’ perception of their role in the universal childhood immunisation programme and their communication strategies with parents. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 11 (1): 51-60.

Sirdifield C, Gardner M, Brooker C (2010) The importance of mental health awareness training in a European probation training curriculum.European Journal of Probation, 2 (2): 23-38.


Norfolk T, Siriwardena AN (2009) A unifying theory of clinical practice: Relationship, Diagnostics, Management and professionalism (RDM-p).Quality in Primary Care, 17 (1): 37-47.

Siriwardena AN, Dixon H, Blow C, Irish B, Milne P (2009) Performance and views of examiners in the Applied Knowledge Test for the nMRCGP licensing examination. British Journal of General Practice, 59 (559):110-113.

Siriwardena AN, Middlemass JB, Ward K, Wilkinson C (2009) Drivers for change in primary care of diabetes following a protected learning time educational event: interview study of practitioners. BMC Medical Education, 8 (4): 1-9.

Dyas J, Apekey T, Tilling M, Siriwardena AN (2009) Strategies for recruiting patients to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 9 (65): 1-9.

Siriwardena  AN, and Iqbal M, Banerjee S,Spaight A, Stephenson J(2009) An evaluation of an educational intervention to reduce inappropriate cannulation and improve cannulation technique by paramedics. Emergency Medicine Journal, 26 (11): 831-836.

Brooker C, Gojkovic D, Sirdifield C, Fox C (2009) Lord Bradley’s review of people with mental health or learning disabilities in the criminal justice system in England: all not equal in the eyes of the law?. International Journal of Prisoner Health, 5 (3): 171-175.


Siriwardena AN, Iqbal M, and Shaw D, Spaight A, Stephenson J (2008) To cannulate or not to cannulate? Variation, appropriateness and potential for reduction in cannulation rates by ambulance staff. Emergency Medicine Journal (e1): 2-2.

Siriwardena AN, Qureshi MZ, Dyas J, Middleton H, Orner, R(2008) Magic bullets for insomnia? Patients’ use and experience of newer (z drugs) versus older (benzodiazepine) hypnotics for sleep problems in primary care. British Journal of General Practice, 58 (551). pp. 417-422.

Phung VH (2008) Ethnicity and child poverty under New Labour: a research review. Social Policy and Society, 7 (4): 551-563.


Scott K, Dyas JV, Middlemass JB, Siriwardena AN (2007). Confidentiality in the waiting room – an observational study in general practice. British Journal of General Practice, 57: 490-493.

Siriwardena AN, Fairchild P, Gibson S,  Sach T,  Dewey M. (2007). Investigation of the effect of a countywide protected learning time scheme on prescribing rates of Ramipril: interrupted time series study. Family Practice, 24 (1): 26-33.

Dixon, Hilton and Blow, Carol and Irish, Bill and Milne, Paul and Siriwardena, A. Niroshan (2007) Evaluation of a postgraduate examination for primary care: perceptions and performance of general practitioner trainers in the multiple choice paper of the Membership Examination of the Royal College of General Practitioners. Education for Primary Care, 18: 165-172.

Siriwardena AN, Sandars J, Gemmell I, Rashid A (2007). Teaching and learning evidence-based medicine: cross-sectional survey investigating knowledge and attitudes of teachers and learners in primary and secondary care. Education for Primary Care, 18: 45-57.


Siriwardena AN, Qureshi Z, Gibson S, Collier S, Latham M (2006). GPs’ attitudes to benzodiazepine and ‘Z-drug’ prescribing: a barrier to implementation of evidence and guidance on hypnotics. British Journal of General Practice, 56 (533): 964-967.

Brooker C, Sirdifield C (2006). Mapping the introduction of a mental health awareness in custodial settings self-directed workbook across eight care services improvement partnership patches. The Journal of Mental Health Workforce Development. Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, 1 (4): 29-35.

Sirdifield C (2006). Piloting a new role in mental health – prison based health trainers. The Journal of Mental Health Workforce Development (Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice 1755-6228), 1 (4): 15-22.