Mixed methods in prehospital research – A systematic review update

    Funding bodyNo funding
    Total fundingNot applicable
  • Tegwyn McManamny – Ambulance Victoria, Australia
  • Dr Paul Jennings – Ambulance Victoria and Monash University, Australia
  • Dr Scott Munro – South East Coast Ambulance Service and University of Surrey, United Kingdom
  • Marishona Ortega – University of Lincoln, United Kingdom
  • Dr Gregory Whitley – East Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust and University of Lincoln, United Kingdom
  • Overarching aimThe aim of this study is to update our previous systematic review (McManamny et al, 2015) and critique the utilisation of mixed methods in prehospital research.
    Objectives  The study objectives are to determine the:  
  • Background of the corresponding author [clinical background, sex, country]
  • Declaration of an underpinning philosophy or theoretical framework
  • Model of publication [single/separate]
  • Adherence to reporting guidelines (O’Cathain, Murphy and Nicholl, 2008) including key design characteristics linked to quality in mixed methods research:
  • Justification for utilisation of mixed methods approach
  • Design characteristics including purpose, priority and sequence of methods
  • Methodology relating to sampling, data collection and analysis
  • Data integration (where, how, who)
  • Limitations
  • Insights gained from method integration
  • MethodsA systematic review of methodology will be conducted, building on the findings from our previous systematic review (McManamny, 2015).
    Outcomes  We are hoping to understand the prevalence and quality of published mixed methods research within the prehospital setting since 2012.
    Outputs  The review findings will be communicated through publications in peer reviewed journals and conference presentations.
    Impact  This review will provide an updated perspective on the use of mixed methods in the field of prehospital research and assess reporting standards. This will enable the development of recommendations for future prehospital mixed methods research.

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